WORKSHEET 1 - ANSWERS
NB The paraphrases are based on the context of this particular reading text
1 prompted = caused // sensory = affecting the senses // perceived = noticed // auditory = connected to hearing // attention = concentration
2 B – He tries to show the difference between ‘listen’ and ‘hear’ by asking the reader to listen carefully to the background noises around them.
3 underrated = not appreciated // interacting = connecting with // significant = considerable // fraction = proportion (½; ⅓; ¼ etc) // quantitatively = measurably
4 A - He says that we process sounds 10 times faster than things we see and it is our hearing we take for granted.
5 evolved = developed over time // operates = works // volume = level of sound // cognitive = concerning the mind // detect = hear
6 B - We are told that the auditory system helps us shut out most background noises (not only loud ones) unless they are a sign of something either good or bad.
7 activates = starts or sets off // startle = surprise // defensive = protective // response = reaction or answer // elevating = lifting up or raising
8 C – The writer says that the startle response occurs in all creatures and is a basic, automatic response when we sense something that might be dangerous
9 complex = involved or complicated // stimulus = something that sets off a reaction // inferior = lower; less important; less valuable // process = method // raw = not altered, uncooked
10 D – We’re told that your brain reacts in the same way as if you hear a noise that seems out of place (e.g. a birdcall in a subway)
11 pay attention to = concentrate on // come into play = begin to work // conveyed = communicated // tune out = ignore // computation = calculation
12 A – a ‘top down’ response is one where you deliberately focus on sounds and listen carefully. It helps you shut out background noises.
13 distraction = something that stops you concentrating // information overload = too much information // intellectual = academic // richness = fullness and beauty // discern = observe
14 C – The writer gives several examples of how you can practise concentrating on different sounds, including listening carefully to noises your pet makes.